Water voles are the largest species of vole in Britain and are mostly found on grassy banks along slow moving and relatively deep watercourses, lakes and ponds. They dig burrows in steep and easily penetrable banks, which often include underwater entrances that can be several metres deep into the bank.
This species is thought to have been lost in up to 90% of the sites where it occurred in the last century. The principal threats to water voles include habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation primarily from unsympathetic riverside management, plus predation by the introduced American mink Neovison vison.
Water Vole Legislation
The water vole is a priority conservation species and is protected under the following UK and European Union (“EU”) law:
- Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (as amended)
Under this legislation water voles are protected from:
- Capturing, killing, injuring and disturbing;
- Damaging or destroying breeding/resting places;
- Obstructing access to resting places; and
- Possessing, advertising for sale, selling or transporting for sale, live or dead (part or derivative).
What We Offer
As with all development proposals that have the potential to impact on local biodiversity, sufficient information is required by Local Planning Authorities (“LPA”) in order to progress. This is so informed decisions can be made in regard to wildlife protection from injury or disturbance during development. A Preliminary Ecological Appraisal (“PEA”) and further water vole surveys are often required if the species is likely to be present.
All water vole surveys are best conducted between April and September, however signs of presence can be found from March to November. They should not be undertaken when waterways and ponds are flooded as any field signs would be washed away. For this reason, water vole surveys should be conducted at least two days after the water levels subside.
Preliminary Ecological Appraisal (“PEA”)
The first step to address the ecological aspects of a planning application is for Greenlight Environmental to conduct an initial assessment called a Preliminary Ecological Appraisal. A site visit and a desktop assessment will identify habitats present on site that may support protected species and will recommend any further necessary water vole surveys. Also, it will recognise any appropriate mitigation and enhancements for the proposed development – We can help with all of these services.
Waterway & Pond Bank Survey
Waterway and pond bank surveys aim to assess the use of a waterway or a pond by water voles. They do this by searching for water vole signs such as latrines, feeding stations, burrows, footprints, runs or pathways.
European Protected Species (“EPS”) Mitigation Licences
If works are expected to have an impact on water voles or on their breeding and resting sites, a mitigation licence will need to be granted by Natural England in order to proceed with the works. We are able to make this process stress-free by obtaining a licence for you.
Translocation works can only be performed under a mitigation licence granted by Natural England and should be only used as a last resort. They include trapping and moving water voles to a safe and suitable receptor site with a sufficient carrying capacity for the affected population.
The Greenlight team will watch and oversee construction works. This can involve supervising the strimming of banks when mitigation includes water vole exclusion or ensuring that adequate buffer zones to protect water vole burrows are marked out and respected.
Mitigation & Enhancements
When activities are likely to have a negative effect on water voles, a mitigation strategy tailored to avoid the specific issues on the site should be put in place. Some of these mitigation and enhancement strategies include:
- maintaining a buffer zone to avoid works to the areas where water voles are, thereby ensuring habitat maintenance and connectivity;
- removal of the vegetation cover of the bank to encourage water voles to voluntarily move to a connected habitat;
- capture and translocation of water voles to a suitable receptor site;
- provide further habitat for water voles;
- improve water quality;
- enhance bank vegetation structure.
Greenlight Environmental Water Vole Surveys
Greenlight Environmental Consultancy offer a comprehensive service to assist with water vole surveys and mitigation measures. We understand the species, the surveys and strategies needed to ensure your development project runs smoothly for you and the biodiversity.
Give us a call to discuss your water vole survey requirements today.